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|FULLY ASSEMBLEDREADY FOR IMMEDIATE DISPLAYThis is not a Ship-in-a-Bottle kit|
The ship in a bottle is one of the classic items of nautical dcor, as much fun and mystery as it is remarkable craftsmanship.Now you can enjoy an adorable ship in a bottle for yourself or give one as a gift to friends, family, clients or co-workers.
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The Cutty Sark is a clipper ship. Built in 1869, she served as amerchant vessel (the last clipper to be built for that purpose), andthen as a training ship until being put on public display in 1954. Sheis preserved in dry dock at Greenwich in London, but was damaged in afire on May 21, 2007 while undergoing extensive restoration.
The ship is named after the cutty sark (Scots: a short chemise orundergarment). This was the nickname of the fictional character Nannie(also the name of the ship's figurehead) in Robert Burns' 1791 comicpoem Tam o' Shanter. She was wearing a linen cutty sark that she hadbeen given as a child, therefore it was far too small for her. Theerotic sight of her dancing in such a short undergarment caused Tam tocry out "Weel done, Cutty-sark", which subsequently became a well knownidiom.
She was designed by Hercules Linton and built in 1869 at Dumbarton, Scotland, by the firm of Scott & Linton, for Captain John "Jock""White Hat" Willis; Scott & Linton was liquidated, and she was launched November 22nd of that year by William Denny & Brothers.
Cutty Sark was destined for the tea trade, then an intensely competitiverace across the globe from China to London, with immense profitsto the ship to arrive with the first tea of the year. However, she didnot distinguish herself; in the most famous race, against Thermopylae in1872, both ships left Shanghai together on June 18th, but two weekslater Cutty Sark lost her rudder after passing through the Sunda Strait, and arrived in London on October 18th, a week after Thermopylae, atotal passage of 122 days. Her legendary reputation is supported by thefact that her captain chose to continue this race with an improvisedrudder instead of putting into port for a replacement, yet was onlybeaten by one week.
In the end, clippers lost out to steamships, which could pass throughthe recently-opened Suez Canal and deliver goods more reliably, if notquite so quickly, which proved to be better for business. Cutty Sark wasthen used on the Australian wool trade. Under the respected CaptainRichard Woodget, she did very well, posting Australia-to-Britain timesof as little as 67 days. Her best run, 360 nautical miles (666 km) in 24hours (an average 15 kn (28 km/h), was said to have been the fastest ofany ship of her size.
In 1895 Willis sold her to the Portuguese firm Ferreira and she wasrenamed Ferreira after the firm, although her crews referred to her asPequena Camisola ("little shirt", a straight translation of the Scots"cutty sark"). In 1916 she was dismasted off the Cape of Good Hope, sold, re-rigged in Cape Town as a barquentine, and renamed Maria doAmparo. In 1922 she was bought by Captain Wilfred Dowman, who restoredher to her original appearance and used her as a stationary trainingship. In 1954 she was moved to a custom-built dry-dock at Greenwich.
Cutty Sark is also preserved in literature in Hart Crane's long poem "The Bridge" which was published in 1930.
The Cutty Sark was preserved as a museum ship and popular touristattraction. She is located near the centre of Greenwich, in south-eastLondon, close aboard the National Maritime Museum, the former GreenwichHospital, and Greenwich Park. She is also a prominent landmark on theroute of the London Marathon. She usually flies signal flags from herensign halyard reading "JKWS", which is the code representing Cutty Sarkin the International Code of Signals, introduced in 1857.
The ship is in the care of the Cutty Sark Trust, whose president, theDuke of Edinburgh, was instrumental in ensuring her preservation, whenhe set up the Cutty Sark Society in 1951. The Trust replaced the Societyin 2000. She is a Grade I listed monument and is on the Buildings AtRisk Register.
Cutty Sark station on the Docklands Light Railway is one minute's walkaway, with connections to central London and the London Underground.Greenwich Pier is next to the ship, and is served by scheduled riverboats from piers in central London. A tourist information office standsto the east of the ship.
Conservation and fire
On the morning of May 21, 2007 the Cutty Sark, which had been closedand partly dismantled for conservation work, caught fire, and burned forseveral hours before the London Fire Brigade could bring the fire undercontrol. Initial reports indicated that the damage was extensive, withmost of the wooden structure in the centre having been lost.
In an interview the next day, Richard Doughty, the chief executive ofthe Cutty Sark Trust revealed that at least half of the "fabric"(timbers, etc) of the ship had not been on site as it had been removedduring the preservation work. Doughty expressed that the trust was mostworried about the state of iron framework to which the fabric wasattached. He did not know how much more the ship would cost to restore, but estimated it at an additional 510 million, bringing the total costof the ship's restoration to 3035 million.
The cause of the fire is as yet unconfirmed. After initial analysis ofthe CCTV footage of the area suggested the possibility of arson, furtherinvestigation over the following days by Scotland Yard failed to findconclusive proof that the fire was set deliberately. A full report isdue to be released in the summer of 2008.
Aerial video footage showed extensive damage, but seemed to indicatethat the ship had not been destroyed in its entirety. A fire officerpresent at the scene said in a BBC interview that when they arrived, there had been "a well-developed fire throughout the ship". The bowsection looked to be relatively unscathed and the stern also appeared tohave survived without major damage. The fire seemed to have beenconcentrated in the centre of the ship. The chairman of Cutty SarkEnterprises said after inspecting the site: "The decks are unsalvageablebut around 50% of the planking had already been removed; however, thedamage is not as bad as originally expected."
As part of the restoration work planned before the fire, it was proposedthat the ship be raised three metres, to allow the construction of astate of the art museum space beneath. This would allow visitors to viewher from below.
For a long time, there had been growing criticism of the policies of theCutty Sark Trust and its stance that the most important thing was topreserve as much as possible of the original fabric. The fire damage hasbeen put forth as a reason for the Cutty Sark to be rebuilt in a mannerthat would allow her to put to sea again by proponents of the idea.However, the Cutty Sark Trust have found that less than 5% of theoriginal fabric was lost in the fire, as the decks which were destroyedwere non-original additions. There are currently two petitions to the UKPrime Minister, one for funds to restore the ship, and the other forfunds to restore the ship into commission as a sail training vessel.
In addition to explaining how and why the ship is being saved, theexhibition features a new film presentation, a re-creation of themaster's saloon, and interactive exhibits about the project. Live webcamviews of the conservation work allow the visitor to see remotely thework being carried out on the ship.
The design for the renovation project by Youmeheshe architects withGrimshaw architects and Buro Happold engineers involves raising the shipout of her dry berth using a Kevlar web, allowing visitors to passunder the hull.
Oscar-winning producer Jerry Bruckheimer has aided in the repair andrestoration of the Cutty Sark. A collection of photos taken byBruckheimer went on display in London in November 2007 to help raisemoney for the Cutty Sark Conservation Project. The exhibition featuredmore than thirty pictures taken on set during the filming of Pirates ofthe Caribbean: At World's End
In January 2008 the Heritage Lottery Fund awarded the Cutty Sark Trustanother 10 million towards the restoration of the ship, meaning thatthe Trust had now achieved 30 million of the 35 million needed for thecompletion of the project.
In June 2008, Israeli shipping magnate Sammy Ofer donated the final 3.3 million need to fully restore the ship.
The Cutty Sark is one of only three surviving ships of its time that hasa composite wrought iron frame structure covered by wooden planking.The hull has a Muntz metal coating.
* Tonnage: 921 tons (2,608 m)
* Hull length: 212.5 ft (64.8 m)
* Beam: 36 ft (11 m)
* Draft: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Yard lengths (after being cut down in Sydney harbour):
o fore course 21.0 yd (19.2 m)
o lower topsail 16.8 yd (15.4 m)
o upper topsail 14.6 yd (13.4 m)
o topgallant 11.5 yd (10.5 m)
o royal 9.4 yd (8.6 m)
o main course 21.6 yd (19.8 m)
o lower topsail 18.5 yd (16.9 m)
o upper topsail 16.8 yd (15.4 m)
o topgallant 14.2 yd (13.0 m)
o royal 10.4 yd (9.5 m)
o mizzen course 17.4 yd (15.9 m)
o lower topsail 14.9 yd (13.6 m)
o upper topsail 13.4 yd (12.3 m)
o topgallant 11.0 yd (10.1 m)
o royal 8.2 yd (7.5 m)
o spanker 14.1 yd (12.9 m)
References in popular culture
Cutty Sark inspired the name of a brand of whisky. An image of the shipappears on the label, and the maker formerly sponsored the Cutty SarkTall Ships' Race. She also inspired the name of the Saunders Roe CuttySark flying boat. The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck partthree-and-a-half: The Cowboy Captain of the Cutty Sark by Don Rosafeatures the ship herself. In the award winning science fiction novelBlue Mars, by Kim Stanley Robinson, the Cutty Sark is portrayed sailingin one of the newly created channels on Earth following a major floodbought upon by volcanic activity in Antarctica. In The Deptford Micetrilogy of books by Robin Jarvis, the mouse character Thomas Tritonlives on board the Cutty Sark. Cutty Sark is also mentioned in the song"Single Handed Sailor", performed by Dire Straits.
On Thursday May 24, 2007, Jonathan Ross revealed that he had missed therecent BAFTAs and failed to pick up his award because he was on a familytrip to Cutty Sark. The comments were aired the next day as part of theJonathan Ross show. A joke was also made as though it was Jonathanhimself who burnt down the Cutty Sark.
The following day, during an episode of Have I Got News for You, PaulMerton kept insisting that the Duke of Edinburgh had burnt down theship, an allusion to the conspiracy theory that the duke was involved inthe death of Diana, Princess of Wales. The much-publicised inquest intoher death was approaching at this time.
Slightly more obscurely, the magazine of the University of Greenwichstudent union - the main campus of which is immediately next to theship, comprising the majority of buildings of the Royal Naval College -is also named after the ship; the Sarky Cutt.
Journalist Robert Fisk's grandfather was a first-mate aboard the CuttySark and mentioned in The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest ofthe Middle East.
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